How Profitable Is Bamboo Farming?

Bamboo farming guide

Bamboo has been one of the most versatile materials ever in the history of mankind. That is why it is still relevant and it makes perfect sense to look at bamboo farming as an economical option.

  • Bamboo is a cash crop for the both small and large farmers
  • bamboo cultivation not only is a quick profitable crop but also provides a long-term earning potential
  • Basically it is an evergreen, perennial and flowering plant. Bamboo has an unparalleled growth rate in the plant world.
  • Some types of bamboo can put on  35 inches a day and it is easy to cut as there are no barks to peel during processing and its lightness makes it ideal to handle and transport.

Things to consider before getting into bamboo farming?

  • Bamboo has a lot of economic benefits in only certain regions of the world, so it is very important to do your homeworks on economical viabilities of bamboo in your area.
  • Before you think of starting bamboo plantation farming, you will have to consider the climate condition of the area where you want to locate your farm
  • Look towards raising the capital required to acquire your land, money required to prepare the land.
  • Bamboo needs a lot of water. You need to plan how to water your bamboo farm, and when to make use of insecticides and how and when to need your bamboo farm.
  • Plan for the things and capital required to purchase bamboo seeding and laborers to help you with the maintenance of your farm and also for harvesting your bamboo when they are ripe for harvest.
  • Look for vast farmland that supports the growth of bamboo to could be in a swampy region or any other region around you that can air the growth of bamboo.

Industry: Commercial crop industry.

Business Related To : Agriculture, construction, commercial crop.

Suitable for: Anyone with a good piece of land. The tree is a climate sensitive species, so please do your research before planting.

How much does it cost me to start a bamboo farm?

It costs around 12000 rupees to 15000 rupees per acre. Some major costs are procuring the land, seeds or seedling arrangement costs , labours costs, fertilizers costs and nutrients costs etc.

Bamboo has shallow roots and luxuriant growth, there should be a provision of protecting from strong winds.

Usually ,bamboo planting is preferred in the rainy season. The pits size of 60x60cm should be dug and nursery raised seedings should be planted at a distance of 5metersx 4 meters.

Bamboo can be grown in a wide range of soils,and it requires well drained sandy loam to clay loam soils with a PH range of 4.5 to 6.0.

Bamboo trees should be spaced between 3 to 5 feet apart from the other .

After clearing the site plow or till at least 50cm feet beneath the soil surface ,then dig suitable holes not bamboo trees will be able to gather nutrients very well from the soil.

To plant each tree,place directly at the center of the hole and use soil top to fill the holes very well,you can mix the soil with compost manure to improve soil fertility depending on the area.

Permits required:

You probably do not need much permits for bamboo farming in your land ,but you can contact the local government to know if you have any government sponsored benefits and special rules regarding this.

The Indian government clarified recently that no permit is needed for bamboo grown in non-forest areas.


miscellaneous items like appliances and equipment, electrification and water sources of plants.

  • The bamboo plantation grows well in hot to warm temperature climate conditions but it must be remembered that it doesn’t require temperature below 15 degree celsius in the summer.
  • In the bamboo plantation soil requirement is very important and most bamboos grow best in deep, well drained, fertile soil and they generally prefer neutral to slightly acid soils.
  • Under optimal conditions bamboos grow best altitude between 200m and 160m above sea level.
  • From all the climate factors, precipitation or rainfall is the most important variable .Bamboo can be developed in areas  where annual rainfall ranges between 1270mm and 5000mm.
  •  The optimal wind speed is usually up to 15km/hour otherwise it causes development problems  to bamboo plantations.

How do I create market for my bamboo?

  • The market for bamboo investment is enormous and it is rapidly Growing. Bamboo is demanded more than ever before because it is at once a good timber substitute and a rainforest saver.
  • The fact that bamboo is used for the manufacturing of a lot of things like food and machines makes it very easy to market.


  • Planting bamboo is a great way to help the environment. It is a crucial element in the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and it also absorbs the greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere
  • There are more than 15000 different species of bamboo and they come in all kinds of colours, growing habits and size.
  • Bamboo are grown in almost all climates, most bamboo species are native to warm and moist tropical or to warm temperate climates. 
  • These plants are easy to grow and the bamboo will reach their mature size in about 3 years.


  • Not everyone experiences bamboo well. Some people regret planting bamboo.
  • Many bamboo species spread very slowly, but many homeowners choose bamboo for a fast growing privacy screen around their property.
  • Bamboo is difficult to control when it gets out of head.once a running bamboo is established its thick and tough rhizomes,which are resistant to most herbicides,can stretch out more than 100 feet and send out shoots at any points.
  • Let’s say you bucked the advice not to plant bamboo and now it has taken over your yard


The bamboo plantation grows well in hot to warm temperate climatic conditions but it must be remembered that it doesn’t require temperature below 15 degree celsius in the summer since the bamboo has thin roots as well as ample growth, you must take provision to protect it from strong winds. Hope this article helps, happy bamboo farming.

Please checkout other awesome business ideas mentioned in our blog. If you want to know about starting a plant nursery, click here . You can also checkout our other agriculture related posts here.

share your thoughts